Speed up your System performance without 3rd party software

To speed up the system performance, I am not going to say, “Dudes, get high speed CPU, RAM, hard disk, etc.,”  or “Install these X or Y software and speed up your system”. Similar to “Increasing Internet speed” article, I gonna share a windows technique which would increase your system performance to a extent

Before sharing the technique, let me give a glimpse on  which factors speed of computers/laptops relies on. It depends upon hardware factors such as CPU Speed, Size of RAM, Hard disk rotation speed, Speed of Bus (Not MTC/SETC bus, it’s CPU bus which is used for communication of components in CPU). Malware such as Virus, Trojan can also affect the system performance.

The factor we gonna improve is the size of the RAM. Yes, in this article we gonna learn how to increase the size of the RAM  You might have puzzled by this statement. “Increasing RAM size? So, he gonna share a hardware technique?”, might be your thought process now . No man!! We are going to increase the size of the RAM not physically but virtually ? Those OS freaks here would get what I am trying to say. Yes, We are going to increase Virtual memory for the system to improve its performance. For those people who haven’t heard/know about Virtual memory, lemme give a brief definition. A part of memory in the hard disk (Secondary memory) will be used as a primary memory (RAM) using some mapping techniques. To know more about Virtual memory, refer “Namma (our) Wikipedia” ?

Moving to implementation, it can be accomplished in two ways.

(i) Using Command Prompt

  1. Go to Run(WinKey + R or Start->Run) and enter “cmd”  or any easy way you know to open Command Prompt <Make sure you open it as administrator >
  2. Run the command “fsutil.exe behavior set memoryusage 2”
  3. Reboot the system and check the performance in the system

(ii) Changing Registry files

Those who are allergic to command prompts can accomplish this by changing registry files

  1. Go to Run(WinKey + R or Start->Run) and enter “regedit”.
  2. Naviagate to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\FileSystem” and double click the key “NtfsMemoryUsage“.
  3. Set the value to 2 and reboot the system

Some of you will come up with questions like, “Bro, What if we set the memory usage with 3 or higher value ? Will it improve the system performance ? If so, what is the maximum value we can set for the memory usage?”. The answer is, “2 doesn’t represent the size of virtual memory. Its the option to increase the size of paged pool memory. ( What is paged pool memory and nonpaged pooled memory is a big topic to discuss here. If you are more interested in this topic, refer here  ) The other options are 0 and 1 which means ‘Not Set’ and ‘Default’ respectively. If you assign the option ‘0’, it means you are not setting any value, which means System gonna take default value is ‘1’ ? To make it simple, the options ‘0’ and ‘1’ are nothing but the same  And option 2 corresponds to increase the size of page pooled memory.

Now lets see in which cases this technique might fail ? Here, I want to quote Microsoft’s official documentation on this command,

Increasing physical memory does not always increase the amount of paged pool memory available to NTFS. Setting memoryusage to 2 raises the limit of paged pool memory. This might improve performance if your system is opening and closing many files in the same file set and is not already using large amounts of system memory for other applications or for cache memory. If your computer is already using large amounts of system memory for other applications or for cache memory, increasing the limit of NTFS paged and non-paged pool memory reduces the available pool memory for other processes. This might reduce overall system performance. This parameter updates the HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\FileSystem\NtfsMemoryUsage registry key.

That is, it’ll improve performance if you work on same set of files not necessarily on same folder. To be precise, it’s nothing but cache of CPU. Less you change the cache file contents, higher will be its performance. So, this statement wouldn’t be a big deal for normal system users. And this is a great gift for gamers who would face “Sloooow System” problem  For those who groans, “Dude, running above command decreases the performance of my system  “, No issues buddy.. You can revert it to previous state just by running the command, “fsutil.exe behavior set memoryusage 1“. And for those who ask, “Bro, I dunno in which option is selected. How can i find the current selected option?”, you can find that by executing “fsutil.exe behavior query memoryusage”.

Feel free to comment down your queries/suggestions


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